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Algirdas Brazauskas

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Algirdas Mykolas Brazauskas

Algirdas Mykolas Brazauskas (born September 22, 1932) is Prime Minister and a former President of Lithuania.

He was born in Roki歬is, Lithuania, and graduated from Kaunas Polytechnical Institute in 1956 with a degree in civil engineering. He then worked in various positions in the government of Lithuanian SSR and Communist Party of Lithuania:

  • 1965-1967, the minister of construction materials industry of Lithuanian SSR.
  • 1967-1977, deputy chairman of State Planning Committee of Lithuanian SSR.
  • 1977-1987, secretary of Central Committee of Communist Party of Lithuania.

In 1988, he became the first secretary of the Communist Party of Lithuania. Under his leadership, the Communist Party of Lithuania supported the Lithuanian independence movement, broke away from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and transformed itself into social-democratic Lithuanian Democratic Labor Party (now called Lithuanian Social Democratic Party).

After the 1992 parliamentary elections, he became speaker of the parliament and acting President of Lithuania on November 25, 1992. He then won the presidential election with 60% of the vote, was confirmed as President on February 25, 1993, and served until February 25, 1998. He decided not to seek reelection in 1998 and was succeeded by Valdas Adamkus, who won the 1998 election.

He has been Prime Minister since July 3, 2001, appointed by Parliament.

See also

Template:Politician-stub


Preceded by:
Vytautas Landsbergis
as Chairman of the Supreme Council
President of Lithuania
19921998
Succeeded by:
Valdas Adamkus

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