General Conference on Weights and Measures

From Academic Kids

(Redirected from CGPM)

The General Conference on Weights and Measures is the English name of the Confrence gnrale des poids et mesures (CGPM, sometimes written in English Confrence Gnrale des Poids et Mesures). It is one of the three organizations established to maintain the International System of Units (SI) under the terms of the Convention du Mtre (Metre Convention) of 1875. It meets in Paris every four to six years. In 2002 the CGPM represented 51 member states and ten further associate members (1). As of 2005, the number of associates has grown to 17.

Note that the abbreviation GCWM does not exist.

CGPM Meetings

  • 1st (1889) - kilogram defined as mass of the international prototype kilogram (IPK) made of platinum-iridium and kept at the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (Bureau international des poids et mesures), Svres, France. International prototype metre sanctioned.
  • 2nd (1897)
  • 3rd (1901) - Litre redefined as volume of 1 kg of water. Clarified that kilograms are units of mass, "standard weight" defined, standard acceleration of gravity defined endorsing use of grams force and making them well-defined.
  • 4th (1907) - carat = 200 mg adopted.
  • 5th (1913) - International Temperature Scale proposed.
  • 6th (1921) - Metre Convention revised.
  • 7th (1927) - Consultative Committee for Electricity (CCE) created.
  • 8 th (1933) - need for absolute electrical unit identified.
  • 9th (1948) - ampere, coulomb, farad, henry, joule, newton, ohm, volt, watt, weber defined. Chose degree Celsius from among the three names then in use. Lowercase l adopted as symbol for litre. Both the comma and dot on a line are accepted as decimal marker symbols. Symbols for the stere and second changed [1] (http://www1.bipm.org/jsp/en/ViewCGPMResolution.jsp?CGPM=9&RES=7).
  • 10th (1954) - kelvin, standard atmosphere defined. International System of Units (metre, kilogram, second, ampere, kelvin, candela) began.
  • 11th (1960) - metre redefined in terms of wavelengths of light. Hertz, lumen, lux, tesla adopted. New metric system given the official symbol SI for Systme International d'Units, the "modernized metric system". Prefixes pico-, nano-, micro-, mega-, giga- and tera- confirmed.
  • 12 th (1964) - original definition of litre = 1 dm³ restored. atto- and femto- prefixes.
  • 13th (1967) - second redefined as duration of 9 192 631 770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground state of the caesium-133 atom at a temperature of 0 K. Degree Kelvin renamed kelvin. Candela redefined.
  • 14th (1971) - new SI base unit mole defined. Pascal, siemens approved.
  • 15th (1975) - peta- and exa- prefixes. Gray and becquerel radiological units.
  • 16th (1979) - candela, sievert defined. Both l and L provisionally allowed as symbols for litre.
  • 17th (1983) - metre redefined in terms of the speed of light, but keeps same length.
  • 18th (1987) - conventional values adopted for Josephson constant, KJ, and von Klitzing constant, RK, preparing the way for alternate definitions of the ampere and kilogram.
  • 19th (1991) - new prefixes yocto-, zepto-, zetta- and yotta-.
  • 20th (1995) - supplementary SI units (radian and steradian) become derived units.
  • 21st (1999) - new SI derived unit, the katal = mole per second, for the expression of catalytic activity.
  • 22nd (2003) - both the comma and dot on a line are reaffirmed as decimal marker symbols [2] (http://www1.bipm.org/jsp/en/ViewCGPMResolution.jsp?CGPM=22&RES=10).

References

(1) CGPM Member States (http://www1.bipm.org/en/convention/member_states/)et:Vihtide ja Mtude Peakonverents it:Confrence Gnrale des Poids et Mesures fr:Confrence gnrale des poids et mesures sr:Генерална конференција тежина и мера

Navigation

Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Art)
    • Architecture (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Architecture)
    • Cultures (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Cultures)
    • Music (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Music)
    • Musical Instruments (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/List_of_musical_instruments)
  • Biographies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Biographies)
  • Clipart (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Clipart)
  • Geography (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Geography)
    • Countries of the World (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Countries)
    • Maps (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Maps)
    • Flags (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Flags)
    • Continents (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Continents)
  • History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History)
    • Ancient Civilizations (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Ancient_Civilizations)
    • Industrial Revolution (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Industrial_Revolution)
    • Middle Ages (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Middle_Ages)
    • Prehistory (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Prehistory)
    • Renaissance (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Renaissance)
    • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
    • United States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/United_States)
    • Wars (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Wars)
    • World History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History_of_the_world)
  • Human Body (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Human_Body)
  • Mathematics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Mathematics)
  • Reference (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Reference)
  • Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Science)
    • Animals (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Animals)
    • Aviation (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Aviation)
    • Dinosaurs (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Dinosaurs)
    • Earth (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Earth)
    • Inventions (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Inventions)
    • Physical Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Physical_Science)
    • Plants (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Plants)
    • Scientists (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Scientists)
  • Social Studies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Social_Studies)
    • Anthropology (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Anthropology)
    • Economics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Economics)
    • Government (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Government)
    • Religion (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Religion)
    • Holidays (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Holidays)
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Solar_System)
    • Planets (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Planets)
  • Sports (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Sports)
  • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
  • Weather (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Weather)
  • US States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/US_States)

Information

  • Home Page (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php)
  • Contact Us (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Contactus)

  • Clip Art (http://classroomclipart.com)
Toolbox
Personal tools