Chinese mythology

From Academic Kids

Chinese mythology is the mythology of Chinese civilization. Many of the legends of Chinese mythology take place during the period of Sanhuangwudi.

Missing image
Dragon_gods_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_15250.jpg
Dragon-gods, from Myths and Legends of China, 1922 by E. T. C. Werner
Contents

Important mythologies and deities

  • Nwa (女媧): Nwa seals the broken sky using stones of seven different colours -- the patch becomes the rainbow. She is also said to have created humanity -- the story has been retold through many Chinese cartoons.
  • FuXi (伏羲): Fuxi, HuHsi was the brother and husband of Nuwa
  • Shen Nong (神農) Inventor of agriculture.
  • Great Yu (大禹): Great Yu regulates the courses of rivers (to control floods)
  • Gong Gong (共工): An evil water demon who crushed Mount Buzhou.
  • Zhu Rong (祝融): God of fire. Defeated Gong Gong.
  • Pangu (盤古): Pangu cleaves open heaven and earth -- the traditional story of the Earth's creation in Chinese mythology.
  • Cangjie (倉頡): Cangjie creates the characters
  • Chi You (蚩尤): A war god who fought Huang Di. Inventor of metal weapons.
  • Huang Di (黃帝): Ancestor of all Chinese.
  • Xuan Nu (玄女) who assisted Huang Di (黃帝) to subdue Chi You (蚩尤).
  • Three Pure Ones Daoist / highest deities
  • Jade Emperor Daoist / ruler of Heaven and Earth
  • Eight Immortals Daoist / He Xiangu, Cao Guojiu, Li Tieguai, Lan Caihe, Lu Dongbin, Han Xiang Zi, Zhang Guo Lao, Zhongli Quan
Missing image
Spirit_of_the_well_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_15250.jpg
Spirit of the well, from Myths and Legends of China, 1922 by E. T. C. Werner

Mythical creatures

Mythical places

  • Xuan Pu (玄圃 xUan2pu3), a mythical fairyland on Kunlun Mountain (崑崙).
  • Yao Chi (瑤池 yao2chi2), abode of immortals where Xi Wang Mu lives.
  • Fu Sang (扶桑 fu2sang1), a mythical island, often interpreted as Japan.
  • Que Qiao (鵲橋 qUe4qiao2) the bridge formed by birds across the Milky Way.
  • Peng lai (蓬萊 peng2lai2) the paradise, a fabled Fairy Isle on the China Sea.
  • Long Men (龍門 long2men2) the dragon gate where a carp can transform into a dragon.
  • Feng Du the Chinese hell

Literary sources of Chinese mythology

See also

External links

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