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French Fourth Republic

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(Redirected from Fourth Republic)

Template:Governments of France The Fourth Republic existed in France between 1946 and 1958. It was the period when the French were under France's fourth republican constitution. It was in many ways a revival of the Third Republic which had ruled before World War II. France adopted the constitution of the Fourth Republic on October 13, 1946. The Fourth Republic forbade any public reference to what the French call faits de guerre, wartime events.

Some attempts were made to strengthen the executive to prevent the unstable situation that had existed before the war, but the instability remained and the Fourth Republic saw frequent changes in government. The ineffective government prosecuted the First Indochina War half-heartedly, with the United States' backing, until the defeat at Dien Bien Phu and the subsequent armistice.

The instability and ineffectiveness problems of the Fourth Republic came to a head in 1958 because of the Algerian War, which pitted Algerian colonists, the army, and the far right, against the left and those who wanted peace. To deal with this problem the nation turned to WWII hero Charles de Gaulle who assumed power under the precondition that a new constitution would be introduced creating a powerful presidency. These changes were introduced and the Fifth Republic was born.

Prime Ministers

Prime Ministers during the French Fourth Republic
Prime Minister starting Party
Paul Ramadier 22 January, 1947 SFIO
Robert Schuman 24 November, 1947 MRP
André Marie 26 July, 1948 Radical
Robert Schuman 5 September, 1948 MRP
Henri Queuille 11 September, 1948 Radical
Georges Bidault 28 October, 1949 MRP
Henri Queuille 2 July, 1950 Radical
René Pleven 12 July, 1950 UDSR
Henri Queuille 10 March, 1951 Radical
René Pleven 11 August, 1951 UDSR
Edgar Faure 20 January, 1952 Radical
Antoine Pinay 8 March, 1952 CNIP
René Mayer 8 January, 1953 Radical
Joseph Laniel 27 June, 1953 CNIP
Pierre Mendès-France 18 June, 1954 Radical
Christian Pineau 17 February, 1955 Radical
Edgar Faure 23 February, 1955 Radical
Guy Mollet 31 January, 1956 SFIO
Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury 12 June, 1957 Radical
Félix Gaillard 6 November, 1957 Radical
Pierre Pflimlin 13 May, 1958 MRP
Charles de Gaulle 1 June, 1958 UNR
8 January, 1959
ca:Quarta República Francesa

fr:Quatrième République he:הרפובליקה הרביעית pl:Czwarta Republika ro:A Patra Republică

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