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Hercules

From Academic Kids

This article is about the mythological hero. For other means, see Hercules (disambiguation).

Missing image
BandinelliHercules.jpg
Hercules and Cacus, by Baccio Bandinelli, 1525 - 1534. Piazza della Signoria, Florence

Hercules was the name in Roman mythology of the hero Heracles from Greek mythology, the son of Jupiter (or Jove, the Roman name for the Greek god Zeus) and the mortal Alcmene. He was made to perform twelve great tasks, called The Twelve Labours of Hercules and became a god; the Romans adopted the Greek version of his life and works essentially unchanged.

Hercules can be identified by his attributes, the lionskin and the club.

The cult of Hercules may have been the first foreign one to be adopted in Rome; his most important shrine, the Ara Maxima, was in the original Palatine settlement. He became popular with merchants, who customarily paid him a tithe of their profits.

Herecules founded an altar where the Forum Boarium, the cattle market, was later held.

The later Roman emperors often identified or compared themselves with Hercules, in particular Commodus and Maximinus.

Movie and television adaptations

The legend of Hercules has many movie and television adaptations.

Spoken-word myths - audio files

Hercules myths as told by story tellers
1. Hercules and Hylas, read by Timothy Carter
Bibliography of reconstruction: Homer, Odyssey, 12.072 (7th c. BCE); Theocritus, Idylls, 13 (350 - 310 BCE); Callimachus, Aetia (Causes), 24. Thiodamas the Dryopian, Fragments, 160. Hymn to Artemis (310 - 250? BCE); Apollonios Rhodios, Argonautika, I. 1175 - 1280 (c. 250 BCE); Apollodorus, Library and Epitome 1.9.19, 2.7.7 (140 BCE); Sextus Propertius, Elegies, i.20.17ff (50 - 15 BCE); Ovid, Ibis, 488 (8 CE - 18 CE); Gaius Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica, I.110, III.535, 560, IV.1-57 (1st c. C.E.); Hyginus, Fables, 14. Argonauts Assembled (1st c. CE); Philostratus the Elder, Images, ii.24 Thiodamas (170 - 245 CE); First Vatican Mythographer, 49. Hercules et Hylas

Namesakes

As a name associated with legendary strength, "Hercules" has been used for a variety of things:

Template:Commonsbg:Херкулес da:Herkules de:Herakles it:Ercole la:Hercules nl:Hercules pt:Hrcules sl:Herkul sv:Herkules

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