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Liao Dynasty

From Academic Kids

de:Liao-Dynastie ja:遼 fi:Liao-dynastia zh-cn:辽国
History of China
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The Liao Dynasty (T: 遼朝 S: 辽朝 pinyin: Lio Cho), 907-1125, sometimes also known as the Kingdom or Empire of the Khitan, was founded by the Yel (耶律 Yēlǜ) family of the Khitan tribes in the final years of the Tang Dynasty, although Yel Abaoji did not declare an era name until 916. Originally known as the Empire of the Khitan, Emperor Yel Ruan officially adopted the name Great Liao or Liao Dynasty in 947.

The name of the empire was Khitan between 907 (at its founding) and 947 (938?), and again between 983 and 1066.

It was annihilated by the Jin Dynasty in 1125. However, remnants led by Yel Dashi (耶律大石 pinyin: Yēlǜ Dsh, Wade-Giles: Yeh-l Ta-Shih) established Xi (Western) Liao Dynasty 1125-1220, also known as Kara-Khitan Khanate, which survived until the arrival of Genghis Khan's Mongolian cavalry.

Liao Dynasty 907-1125
Temple Names ( Miao Hao 廟號 mioho) Posthumous Names ( Shi Hao 諡號 shho) Born Names Period of Reigns Era Names (Nian Hao 年號 ninho) and their according range of years
Convention: "Liao" + temple name except Liao Tianzuodi who is referred using "Liao" + posthumous name
Taizu (太祖 Tizǔ) Too tedious thus not used when referring to this sovereign Yel Abaoji (耶律阿保機 Yēlǜ Ābǎojī) 907-926 Shence (神冊 Shnc) 916-922

Tianzan (天贊 Tiānzn) 922-926
Tianxian (天顯 Tiānxiǎn) 926

Taizong (太宗 Tizōng) Too tedious thus not used when referring to this sovereign Yel Deguang|耶律德光 Yēlǜ Dguāng 926-947 Tianxian (天顯 Tiānxiǎn) 927-938

Huitong (會同 Hutng) 938-947
Datong (大同 Dtng) 947

Shizong (世宗 Shzōng) Too tedious thus not used when referring to this sovereign Yel Ruan|耶律阮 Yēlǜ Ruǎn 947-951 Tianlu (天祿 Tiānl) 947-951
Muzong (穆宗 Mzōng) Too tedious thus not used when referring to this sovereign Yel Jing|耶律璟 Yēlǜ Jǐng 951-969 Yingli (應曆 Yngl) 951-969
Jingzong (景宗 Jǐngzōng) Too tedious thus not used when referring to this sovereign Yel Xian|耶律賢 Yēlǜ Xin 969-982 Baoning (保寧 Bǎonng) 969-979

Qianheng (乾亨 Qinhēng) 979-982

Shengzong (聖宗 Shngzōng) Too tedious thus not used when referring to this sovereign Yel Longxu|耶律隆緒 Yēlǜ Lngx 982-1031 Qianheng (乾亨 Qinhēng) 982

Tonghe (統和 Tǒngh) 983-1012
Kaitai (開泰 Kāiti) 1012-1021
Taiping (太平 Tipng) 1021-1031

Xingzong (興宗 Xīngzōng) Too tedious thus not used when referring to this sovereign Yel Zongzhen|耶律宗真 Yēlǜ Zōngzhēn 1031-1055 Jingfu (景福 Jǐngf) 1031-1032

Chongxi (重熙 Chngxī) 1032-1055

Daozong (道宗 Dozōng) Too tedious thus not used when referring to this sovereign Yel Hongji|耶律洪基 Yēlǜ Hngjī 1055-1101 Qingning (清寧 Qīngnng) 1055-1064

Xianyong (咸雍 Xinyōng) 1065-1074
Taikang (太康 Tikāng) or Dakang (大康 Dkāng) 1075-1084
Da'an (大安 D'ān) 1085-1094
Shouchang (壽昌 Shuchāng) or Shoulong (壽隆 Shulng) 1095-1101

Did not exist Tianzuodi (天祚帝 Tiānzud) Yel Yanxi|耶律延禧 Yēlǜ Ynxǐ 1101-1125 Qiantong (乾統 Qintǒng) 1101-1110

Tianqing (天慶 Tiānqng) 1111-1120
Baoda (保大 Bǎod) 1121-1125



See also: Chinese history, Chinese sovereign, Song Dynasty, Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period, Tang Dynasty, Jin Dynasty, Mongols

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