List of political parties in Poland

From Academic Kids

Template:Politics of Poland Political parties in Poland lists political parties in Poland. Poland has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

Contents

The parties

Major political parties

(having representatives in parliament)

Left Wing

Populist Left Wing

Center

Eurorealist Right Wing

Eurosceptic Right Wing

Overview

The transition from a mono-party Communist regime to democracy and pluralism resulted in new political parties mushrooming in the early 1990s. After the first free parliamentary elections in 1991 seats in the Sejm were divided among more than a dozen different parties. The threshold of minimum 5% of votes for parties and 8% of votes for electoral coalitions eliminated a big number of minor parties from winning their seats in later elections. Throughout the 1990s the left side of the political scene was, and still is, dominated by the Communists turned Social Democrats. The right, however, was deeply divided, and the right-wing politicians, most of whom were associated with the Solidarity trade union, were unable to create a single bloc which could act as a lasting counterweight for the left-wing monolith. Instead, right-wing parties kept merging, splitting and renaming. Today the political scene seems to have become more balanced. Nevertheless, it is worth noting that the general public disapproval of politics and politicians as a whole has resulted in all major parties excluding the very word "party" from their names, replacing it with words less associated with politics, such as "union", "platform", "league" or "alliance".

Alphabetical list of all political parties and organizations (after 1989)

This the list of political organizations registered in Poland as political parties, societies, foundations, trade unions, electoral committees, electoral alliances and also informal groups:

Underground political organization in Poland 1945-1989

Official political parties and organizations in the People's Republic of Poland 1948-1989

Official political parties in Poland 1945-1948

Political parties in the Second Polish Republic 1918 - 1939

Further reading

  • Dariusz Cecuda, Leksykon Opozycji Politycznej 1976-1989, BIS Trust, Warszawa 1989
  • Małgorzata Dehnel-Szyc, Jadwiga Stachura, Gry polityczne. Orientacje na dziś, Oficyna Wydawnicza Volument, Warszawa 1991
  • Piotr Frączak (e.d), Gorączka czasu przełomu. Dokumenty ugrupowań radykalnych 1989-1990, Instytut Studiw Politycznych Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek, Warszawa 1984
  • Inka Słodkowska (ed.), Programy partii i ugrupowań parlamentarnych 1989-1991' vol.1-2, Instytut Studiw Politycznych Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Warszawa 1995

See also

pl:Polskie partie polityczne

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