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Mouse

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Mouse
Conservation status: Secure
Missing image
House_mouse.jpg



Mus musculus (or house mouse)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Rodentia
Superfamily:Muroidea
Family:Muridae
Subfamily:Murinae
Genus:Mus

A mouse is a mammal that belongs to one of numerous species of small rodents in the genus Mus and various related genera of the family [[Muridꝝ (Old World Mice).

The best known mouse species is the common house mouse (Mus musculus). It is found in nearly all countries and, as the laboratory mouse, serves as an important model organism in biology; it is also a popular pet. (Non-biologists often use the term "mouse" synonymously with "Mus musculus"). The American white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus) and the deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) also sometimes live in houses. These species of mice live commensally with humans. Although they may live up to two years in the lab, the average mouse in the wild lives only 3 months, primarily due to heavy predation.

Mice are very common experimental animals in biology and psychology primarily because they are mammals, and thus share a high degree of homology with humans, but can be manipulated in ways that would be considered unethical to do with humans. Additional benefits include the fact that mice are small, relatively inexpensive, and several generations can be observed in a short period of time. The mouse genome has been sequenced, and many genes which share homology to human genes have been identified. In the 2006 Biosatellite project, a group of mice will orbit Earth inside a spinning spacecraft to determine how mice react to gravity equivalent to that of Mars. [1] (http://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/livingthings/20jan_marsmice.html)

However, mice can also be harmful pests, damaging and eating crops and spreading diseases through their parasites and feces. The domestication of cats is thought to have been for their predation of mice and their relatives, the rats. A mouse trap can also be used to catch mice.

Mice generally live on a herbivore diet, but are actually omnivores: they will eat meat, the dead bodies of other mice, and have been observed to cannibalise their tails during starvation.

An estimated half million mice live on the London Underground, mostly running around the tracks.

Mice cannot see colors, but they can see the difference between colors, because they see things in shade from black to white.

There are 38 species in the genus Mus.

Contents

Fiction and mythology

Mice are popular in fiction (usually as anthropomorphic funny animals). Mickey Mouse in particular is recognized throughout the whole world. See List of fictional mice.

A mouse is also said to be the favoured mount of Lord Ganesh. Known as Mooshika, this mouse is often presumed to be a rat.

In the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams, mice are pan-dimensional beings who commissioned the construction of a giant computer, the Earth, that would provide for them the question of the meaning of life, the universe, and everything. This is revealed after the earth is destroyed by a Vogon construction crew five minutes before the question is finally calculated. The mice re-appear to commission a second earth and discover Arthur Dent, the sole survivor of earth's destruction, and offer to buy his brain, expecting it to contain the question which they seek.

Taxonomy of the genus Mus

  • Genus Mus
    • Subgenus Pyromys
      • Mus platythrix
      • Mus saxicola
      • Mus philipsi
      • Mus shortridgei
      • Mus fernandoni
    • Subgenus Coelomys
      • Mus mayori
      • Mus pahari
      • Mus crociduroides
      • Mus vulcani
      • Mus famulus
    • Subgenus Mus
      • Mus caroli
      • Mus cervicolor
      • Mus cookii
      • Mus booduga
      • Mus terricolor
      • Mus musculus
      • Mus spretus
      • Mus macedonicus
      • Mus spicelegus
    • Subgenus Nannomys
      • Mus callewaerti
      • Mus setulosus
      • Mus triton
      • Mus bufo
      • Mus tenellus
      • Mus haussa
      • Mus mattheyi
      • Mus indutus
      • Mus setzeri
      • Mus musculoides
      • Mus minutoides
      • Mus orangiae
      • Mus mahomet
      • Mus sorella
      • Mus kasaicus
      • Mus neavei
      • Mus oubanguii
      • Mus goundae
      • Mus baoulei

See also

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