Pierre de Fermat

From Academic Kids

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Pierre de Fermat

Pierre de Fermat (August 17, 1601January 12, 1665) was a French lawyer of Basque origin at the Parliament of Toulouse and a mathematician who is given credit for the development of modern calculus. In particular, he is the precursor of differential calculus with his method of finding the greatest and the smallest ordinates of curved lines, analogous to that of the then unknown differential calculus. Perhaps even more important, his brilliant researches in the theory of numbers entitle him to rank as the founder of the modern theory. He also made notable contributions to analytic geometry and probability.

Fermat worked on number theory while preparing an edition of Diophantus, and the notes and comments thereon contained the numerous theorems of considerable elegance necessary to develop the theory of numbers. Fermat is famous for his "Enigma" that was an extension of Pythagorean Theorem, also known as Fermat's last theorem, which baffled mathematicians for more than 300 years, and was only finally proven in 1994. Together with Ren Descartes, Fermat was one of the two leading mathematicians of the first half of the 17th century. Independently of Descartes, he discovered the fundamental principle of analytic geometry. Through his correspondence with Blaise Pascal, he was a co-founder of the theory of probability.

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House where Fermat was born, now Fermat Museum
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Statue of Fermat, in Beaumont-de-Lomagne

Fermat was born at Beaumont-de-Lomagne, 58 kilometers (36 miles) north-west of Toulouse, France. He died at Castres, 79 kilometers (49 miles) east of Toulouse. The oldest and most prestigious high-school in Toulouse is called Pierre de Fermat. This high-school has also preparatory classes for engineering and business schools (grandes coles), and is ranked in the top 10 of France's best preparatory classes. The late 15th century mansion where Fermat was born in Beaumont-de-Lomagne is now a museum.

See also

Earlean's theory

External links

da:Pierre de Fermat de:Pierre de Fermat et:Pierre de Fermat el:Pierre de Fermat es:Pierre de Fermat fr:Pierre de Fermat ko:피에르 드 페르마 is:Pierre de Fermat it:Pierre de Fermat he:פייר דה פרמה la:Petrus de Fermat lt:Pjeras Ferma nl:Pierre de Fermat ja:ピエール・ド・フェルマー pl:Pierre de Fermat pt:Pierre de Fermat ro:Pierre de Fermat ru:Ферма, Пьер sl:Pierre de Fermat sr:Пјер Ферма fi:Pierre de Fermat sv:Pierre de Fermat tr:Pierre de Fermat zh:皮埃爾·德·費馬


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