Alvar Aalto

From Academic Kids

Missing image

Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto (February 3, 1898 - May 11, 1976) was a Finnish architect and designer.

He was a Scandinavian modernist designer, noted for his humanistic approach to modernism. His work includes architecture, furniture, and glassware. He was one of the first and most influential architects of the Scandinavian modern movement, and a member of the Congres Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne. Major works include the Finlandia Hall in Helsinki, Finland, and the campus of Helsinki University of Technology. Aalto's glassware includes the world-famous Aalto Vase.


Life and Works

Alvar Aalto was born in Kuortane, Finland. He studied architecture at the Helsinki University of Technology from 1916 to 1921. He returned to Jyvskyl, where he opened his first architectural office in 1923. The following year he married architect Aino Marsio. Their honeymoon journey to Italy sealed an intellectual bond with the culture of the Mediterranean region that was to remain important to Aalto for the rest of his life.

Aalto's wide field of activity ranged from furniture and glassware designs to architecture and painting. His vase designs are world-famous. Aalto furniture is manufactured by Artek, a company Aalto co-founded. Aalto glassware (Aino as well as Alvar) is manufactured by iittala.

Significant buildings

External links




  • artek ( Aalto furniture; company founded by Aalto.
  • Alvar Aalto glassware (!OpenDocument&Expand=8&PRODSUB) iittala
  • Between Humanism and Materialism ( New York Museum of Modern Art exhibit site. Contains an especially useful timeline of his life and career.



Gran Schildt

Gran Schildt has written and edited many books on Aalto.

  • Aalto, Alvar. The Architectural Drawings of Alvar Aalto, 1917-1939, in eleven volumes. Prepared by the Alvar Aalto Archive in collaboration with the Museum of Finnish Architecture, Helsinki, and the Alvar Aalto Museum, Jyvskyl; with introduction and project descriptions by Gran Schildt. New York, Garland Pub., 1994.
  • Aalto, Alvar. Alvar Aalto in His Own Words. Schildt, Gran, (Ed.) Rizzoli, New York, 1998.
  • Schildt, Gran. Alvar Aalto: the complete catalogue of architecture, design, and art. Timothy Binham, English translator. Rizzoli, New York, 1994.

Other authors

  • Reed, Peter (Ed.) Alvar Aalto: between humanism and materialism. Museum of Modern Art/H.N. Abrams. New York, 1998.

Research notes

  • Aalto is famous and books have been written on many of his designs. They are also documented in the various architectural magazines.
  • One of the most extensive collections of references on Alvar Aalto in the USA can be found at the University of Aalto

cs:Alvar Aalto de:Alvar Aalto es:Alvar Aalto et:Alvar Aalto fi:Alvar Aalto fr:Alvar Aalto gl:Alvar Aalto it:Alvar Hugo Henrik Aalto ka:აალტო, ალვარ nl:Alvar Aalto pl:Alvar Aalto pt:Alvar Aalto ro:Alvar Aalto ru:Аалто, Алвар Хуго Хенрик sv:Alvar Aalto uk:Аалто Алвар Гуґо


Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (
    • Architecture (
    • Cultures (
    • Music (
    • Musical Instruments (
  • Biographies (
  • Clipart (
  • Geography (
    • Countries of the World (
    • Maps (
    • Flags (
    • Continents (
  • History (
    • Ancient Civilizations (
    • Industrial Revolution (
    • Middle Ages (
    • Prehistory (
    • Renaissance (
    • Timelines (
    • United States (
    • Wars (
    • World History (
  • Human Body (
  • Mathematics (
  • Reference (
  • Science (
    • Animals (
    • Aviation (
    • Dinosaurs (
    • Earth (
    • Inventions (
    • Physical Science (
    • Plants (
    • Scientists (
  • Social Studies (
    • Anthropology (
    • Economics (
    • Government (
    • Religion (
    • Holidays (
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (
    • Planets (
  • Sports (
  • Timelines (
  • Weather (
  • US States (


  • Home Page (
  • Contact Us (

  • Clip Art (
Personal tools