Newark, California

From Academic Kids

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The city of Newark highlighted within Alameda County

Newark is a city located in Alameda County, California. Newark is an enclave, completely surrounded by Fremont, California. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 42,471.

Contents

Geography

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Location of Newark, California

Newark is located at 37°32'8" North, 122°2'1" West (37.535586, -122.033629)Template:GR.

The southern end of the San Francisco Bay forms the western edge of the city. California State Highway 84 divides the city from Union City on the north, and continues across the Dumbarton Bridge to Menlo Park. Interstate 880 serves as the eastern boundary with Fremont, which also borders Newark to the south.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 36.3 km² (14.0 mi²). 36.2 km² (14.0 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.21% water.

Demographics

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 42,471 people, 12,992 households, and 10,341 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,173.8/km² (3,039.4/mi²). There are 13,150 housing units at an average density of 363.4/km² (941.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 52.22% White, 4.01% Black or African American, 0.64% Native American, 21.30% Asian, 1.00% Pacific Islander, 13.75% from other races, and 7.07% from two or more races. 28.60% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 12,992 households out of which 40.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% are married couples living together, 11.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 20.4% are non-families. 14.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 4.2% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.26 and the average family size is 3.59.

In the city the population is spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 34.3% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females there are 101.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 99.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $69,350, and the median income for a family is $71,351. Males have a median income of $46,061 versus $34,959 for females. The per capita income for the city is $23,641. 5.5% of the population and 4.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 5.7% of those under the age of 18 and 6.9% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Economic

Cargill Salt, previously known as Leslie Salt, operates a large salt refinery in Newark which cleans solar salt produced in beds in the San Francisco Bay. The salt crystals are first washed in brine, then dissolved and recrystallized to rid them of any last traces of dirt or sea water. This highly processed seasoning is 99.9 percent sodium chloride, as pure as natural salt can get. The salt is temporarily kept in a large pile that can reach over 60 feet high.

Other major employers include computer maker Sun Microsystems, electronic component manufacturer Solectron, and the retailers of the Newpark Mall, which opened in 1980. Until 2004, the corporate headquarters of clothing retailer Ross Stores were located in Newark and was another major employer.

Wedgewood manufactured stoves in town from circa 1910 until the 1940. Peterbilt manufactured trucks in Newark from the early 1960s up until the mid 1980s.

Social

Every September, the city has a weekend dedicated to Newark Days.

Education

Newark is home to a satellite campus of Ohlone College, a member of the California Community Colleges system. Newark Memorial High School is the lone main high school in the city.

External links

Template:Mapit-US-cityscale

Template:Cities of Alameda County, Californiade:Newark (Kalifornien)

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