Pegasus (constellation)

From Academic Kids

Template:Infobox Constellation Pegasus is a northern constellation, named after the mythological Pegasus. It is one of the 88 modern constellations, and was also one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy.

Contents

Notable features

α Peg (Markab), β Peg, and γ Peg, together with AlpheratzAndromedae) form the large asterism known as the Square of Pegasus. A star in this constellation, 51 Pegasi, is orbited by the first true extrasolar planet (planets orbiting a star other than the Sun) to have been discovered.

Notable deep sky objects

History and mythology

Pegasus has an appearance resembling a grazing horse, with a large square area as its body [1] (http://www.coldwater.k12.mi.us/lms/planetarium/myth/Peg.gif). Due to the presence of the 4 brightest stars in the square, i.e. the 4 horses of pegasus, this may be part of the origin of the myth of the Mares of Diomedes, one of The Twelve Labours of Herakles, together with another feature in the Zodiac sign of Aquarius, namely Aquarius itself, pouring out the waters.

The star Alpheratz, one of the 4 stars in Pegasus' square, was later considered to be part of Andromeda. By moving the star, the square became a triangle attached to a stick body, thus resembling a wing. As a winged horse, Pegasus features in Greek mythology as its namesake, Pegasus.

Visualization

Pegasus' brightest stars (of the second magnitude) are Alpha Pegasi and Beta Pegasi, which together with Gamma Pegasi (third magnitude) form the triangular wing of the horse.

The body of the horse consists of a quadrilateral formed by the stars Alpha Pegasi, Lambda Pegasi, Iota Pegasi, and Xi Pegasi.

The front legs of the winged horse have two stars of the fourth magnitude which have no Bayer designations but which do have Flamsteed numbers: 1 Pegasi and 9 Pegasi.

The stars Epsilon Pegasi and Theta Pegasi belong to the hind legs, with Epsilon Pegasi being of the third magnitude. Rho Pegasi and Sigma Pegasi belong to the tail, but they are both dim: of the fifth magnitude.

Eta Pegasi and Pi Pegasi form the head: Pi Pegasi is the snout, and Eta Pegasi has magnitude three. Mu Pegasi is the beginning of the neck.

Stars

Stars with proper names:
  • Markab [Marchab] or Menkib al Faras [Matn al Faras] (54/α Peg) 2.49
    < مركب markab vehicle [saddle, boat, etc.]
    < منكب الفرس minkab[u] al-faras [The] shoulder of the horse
    < متن الفرس matn[u] al-faras [The] body of the horse
  • Scheat [Sheat, Seat Alpheras] (or Menkib, see ξ Per) (53/β Peg) 2.42
    < ? as-sa'id al-faras The upper arm of the horse
  • Algenib (88/γ Peg) 2.83
    < الجنب al-janb the flank
    or < الجانبal-jānib the flank
  • δ Peg: moved to Andromeda as α And, see Alpheratz
  • Enif [Enf, Enir, Al Anf] or Fom [Fum al Faras] or Os Pegasi (8/ε Peg) 2.38
    < الأنف al-anf nose
    < الفم الفرس al-fum al-faras The mouth of the horse
    < ōs pēgasi The mouth of Pegasus, < πήγασος
  • Homam [Homan, Humam, Al Hammam] (42/ζ Peg) 3.41
    < سعد الهمام sacd[u] al-humām the high-minded [man]
  • Matar [Sad al Matar] (44/η Peg) 2.93
    < سعد المطر sacd[u] al-maţar Luck of the rain
  • Baham [Biham, Sad al Baham] (26/θ Peg) 3.53
    < سعد البهايم sacd[u] al-bahāyam Luck of the livestock
  • Sadalbari [Sad al Bari] or Sad al Nazi (48/μ Peg) 3.51
    < سعد البري sacd al-bariyy Luck of the guiltless one
    < ? Luck of the starving camel?
  • Salm or Kerb [El Khereb] (or Markab, see α Peg (62/τ Peg) 4.58
Stars with Bayer designations:
24/ι Peg 3.77; 10/κ Peg 4.14; 47/λ Peg 3.97; 22/ν Peg 4.86; 46/ξ Peg 4.20; 43/ο Peg 4.80; 29/π Peg 4.28; 27/π1 Peg 5.58; 50/ρ Peg 4.91; 49/σ Peg 5.16; 68/υ Peg 4.42; 89/χ Peg 4.79; 81/φ Peg 5.06; 84/ψ Peg 4.63
Stars with Flamsteed designations:
1 Peg 4.08; 2 Peg 4.52; 3 Peg 6.19; 4 Peg 5.66; 5 Peg 5.46; 7 Peg 5.30; 9 Peg 4.34; 11 Peg 5.63; 12 Peg 5.29; 13 Peg 5.34; 14 Peg 5.07; 15 Peg 5.52; 16 Peg 5.09; 17 Peg 5.54; 18 Peg 6.00; 19 Peg 5.65; 20 Peg 5.61; 21 Peg 5.83; 23 Peg 5.69; 25 Peg 5.79; 28 Peg 6.45; 30 Peg 5.37; 31 Peg 4.82; 32 Peg 4.78; 33 Peg 6.20; 34 Peg 5.76; 35 Peg 4.78; 36 Peg 5.60; 37 Peg 5.51; 38 Peg 5.64; 39 Peg 6.43; 40 Peg 5.84; 41 Peg 6.33; 45 Peg 6.27; 51 Peg 5.45 – has a planet; 52 Peg 5.76; 55 Peg 4.54; 56 Peg 4.76; 57 Peg 5.05; 58 Peg 5.39; 59 Peg 5.15; 60 Peg 6.19; 61 Peg 6.51; 63 Peg 5.58; 64 Peg 5.35; 65 Peg 6.28; 66 Peg 5.09; 67 Peg 5.56; 69 Peg 5.99; 70 Peg 4.54; 71 Peg 5.33; 72 Peg 4.97; 73 Peg 5.63; 74 Peg 6.26; 75 Peg 5.49; 76 Peg 6.30; 77 Peg 5.09; 78 Peg 4.93; 79 Peg 5.95; 80 Peg 5.77; 82 Peg 5.30; 85 Peg 5.80; 86 Peg 5.55; 87 Peg 5.57|
Other notable stars:
  • HD 209458 (V376 Peg) 7.65 – has a transiting planet

Template:ConstellationsListedByPtolemy Template:ConstellationList

External links

Template:Commons

es:Pegaso (constelacin) fr:Pgase (constellation) ko:페가수스자리 id:Pegasus it:Pegasus (astronomia) nl:Pegasus (sterrenbeeld) ja:ペガスス座 pl:Pegaz (gwiazdozbir) ru:Пегас (созвездие) fi:Pegasus th:กลุ่มดาวม้าบิน zh:飞马座

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