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  1. Cell nucleus (3211 bytes)
    1: ...ll biology]], the '''nucleus''' (from [[Latin]] ''nucleus'' or ''nuculeus'', kernel) is an [[organelle]], f...
    3: The nucleus, being the largest [[organelle]] (in some cases n...
    4: ... in cytoplasm from reactions happening within the nucleus. The outer membrane is continuous with the [[roug...
    6: [[image:nucleus_ER.png]] <br>
    7: Drawing of nucleus and the [[endoplasmic reticulum]].<br>
  2. Caudate nucleus (1179 bytes)
    2: ...us''' is a telencephalic [[nucleus (neuroanatomy)|nucleus]], one of the input nuclei of the [[basal ganglia...
    4: There is a caudate nucleus on each side of the brain, each a C-shaped struct...
    6: ...will also cross the body (or head) of the caudate nucleus.
    8: ...structures. It is separated from the [[lenticular nucleus]] (a structure which includes the [[putamen]]) by...

Page text matches

  1. Maria Goeppert-Mayer (4176 bytes)
    7: ...against the received wisdom of the time, that the nucleus is like a series of closed shells and pairs of ne...
    9: ... room, each pair both twirling and circling. But only some of those that go counterclockwise are twirl...
  2. Brain (22060 bytes)
    5: ... The [[human brain]] is particularly complex and enlarged.
    16: ...rol, memory, and thinking abilities. Currently, only the symptoms of these diseases can be treated, b...
    41: ...tomy and [[protein]] expression patterns but can only be done after the human or animal is dead.
    48: ... A possible origin of this myth is the fact that only about 10% of the [[neurons]] in the brain are fi...
    52: ...sis can lead to perfect recall of details.'' Not only is this not entirely true, an incompetent or dec...
  3. Basal ganglia (4800 bytes)
    4: ...split into [[putamen]], [[caudate nucleus]] and [[nucleus accumbens]], and the [[substantia nigra]] is gene...
    8: ...show the basal ganglia as the smaller subthalamic nucleus and substantia nigra lie deeper back in the brain...
    9: ...obus pallidus external segment, (STN) subthalamic nucleus, (SN) substantia nigra.
    25: ...bus pallidus (GPe), from there to the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and finally to the basal ganglia output nuc...
    45: ...s]] in [[primates]] is called the entopenduncular nucleus in [[rodents]].
  4. Mandible (13717 bytes)
    32: * a wedge-shaped nucleus in the condyloid process and extending downward t...
  5. Pineal gland (4403 bytes)
    11: The pineal gland consists mainly of [[pinealocyte]]s, but four other cell types h...
    17: ...t. Light can be detected by the [[suprachiasmatic nucleus]] (SCN) which has direct connections to the retin...
    19: ...ds are believed to act like the [[suprachiasmatic nucleus]] in mammals.
  6. Epithelium (4397 bytes)
    15: ... width is the same size as its height. The [[cell nucleus|nuclei]] of these cells are usually located in th...
    16: ...f cells that are longer than they are wide. The [[nucleus]] is also closer to the base of the cell. The [[...
    20: ...superficial layer is used to classify the layer. Only one layer touches the [[basal lamina]]. Stratifi...
    21: ...(pseudostratified columnar epithelium). There is only a single layer of cells, but the position of the...
    22: ...racted: if distended, it appears as if there are only a few layers; when contracted, it appears as if ...
  7. Chromosome (12667 bytes)
    2: ...d called [[metaphasic]] chromosomes. This is the only natural context in which individual chromosomes ...
    5: ...ltiple linear chromosomes contained in the cell's nucleus. Each chromosome has one [[centromere]], with one...
    19: ...ar functions are often kept close together in the nucleus, even if they are far apart on the chromosome. Th...
    122: ...tive cells) which are [[haploid]] [n] (they have only one set of chromosomes). Gametes are produced by...
    185: ...l number of [[unclonable]] gaps. [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/seq/]
  8. Flowering plant (29088 bytes)
    16: ...]. Its use with any approach to its modern scope only became possible after [[Robert Brown]] had estab...
    27: ... how the flowering plants should be arranged has only recently begun to emerge, through the work of th...
    29: ...dicots and monocots for short). This is based mainly on the number of [[cotyledon]]s or embryonic lea...
    44: In the list above (showing only the 8 largest families), the Orchidaceae, Poacea...
    47: ...m and the stem once formed increases in diameter only in exceptional cases.
  9. Pollen (5420 bytes)
    5: ... (see photomicrograph at right). Most, but certainly not all, are spherical. Pollen grains of pines, ...
    9: ...passed into the tube, as does also the generative nucleus which divides to form two male- or sperm-cells. T...
    15: ... Since this pollen does not become airborne, the only way to get goldenrod pollen on the nasal passage...
  10. Beekeeping (6363 bytes)
    24: *Sideliners &mdash; have other income but [[moonlight]] as "beekeepers" for extra money.
    25: *Commercial &mdash; beekeeping is their only source of income.
    31: ...ring build-up. Many make "nucs" (small starter or nucleus colonies) for sale or replenishment of their own ...
    47: ...his the production of honey in a top bar hive is only about 20% that of a Langstroth hive, but the ini...
  11. Chemistry (12553 bytes)
    33: ...electron]]s to balance the positive charge in the nucleus.
    38: ...ame number of [[proton]]s in the [[atomic nucleus|nucleus]]. This number is known as the [[atomic number]] ...
    42: ...es brought about by the number of neutrons in the nucleus of otherwise "same" elements.
    80: ...oundly [[intuitive|non-intuitive]]. In practice, only the simplest chemical systems may realistically ...
  12. Comet (30542 bytes)
    9: ... While the solid body of the comet (called the ''nucleus'') is generally less than 50km across, the coma m...
    11: ...ugh the inner solar system, the dust reflecting sunlight directly and the gases glowing due to [[ion|i...
    15: ...vered that [[Comet Borrelly]]'s surface reflects only 2.4% to 3% of the light that falls on it; by com...
    17: ...-rays and far ultraviolet photons [http://www.kvi.nl/~bodewits].
    29: ... their discoverers, but comets that had appeared only once continued to be referred by the year of the...
  13. Castle (27805 bytes)
    8: Castles were built not only as a defensive measure, and offensive weapon, bu...
    46: ...ayeux Tapestry]], and was then familiar on the mainland of western [[Europe]].
    52: ...where they found a natural rock stronghold which only needed adaptation, as at Clifford, Ludlow, the P...
    55: ...of which defied the [[battering ram]], and could only be undermined at the cost of much time and labou...
    59: ...ame merely the last refuge of the garrison, used only when all else had been captured. Indeed the keep...
  14. Plant (13010 bytes)
    40: ...peared during the early [[Palaeozoic]]. They can only survive in moist environments, and remain small ...
    56: ...[mushroom]]s are the most familiar, are actually only the reproductive structures of fungi. They are n...
    65: ...ns as individuals, but their populations are commonly seasonal. Other plants may be organized accordin...
  15. Algae (8082 bytes)
    6: ...ce [[oxygen]] as a by-product of photosynthesis, unlike other, non-cyanobacterial photosynthetic bacte...
    23: ...as been suggested that the euglenid chloroplasts only have three membranes because they were acquired ...
  16. Protozoa (1279 bytes)
    1: ...e-[[cell (biology)|celled]] creatures with [[cell nucleus|nuclei]] that show some characteristics usually a...
  17. Cell biology (3658 bytes)
    33: *[[Cell nucleus|Nucleus]]
  18. Cell (biology) (28190 bytes)
    21: ...nal structures of eukaryotic cells, including the nucleus (''light blue''), the nucleolus (''intermediate b...
    27: ...' cells are structurally simple. They are found only in single-celled and [[Colony (biology)|colonial...
    32: ...rganelle]]s: (1) [[nucleolus]] (2) [[cell nucleus|nucleus]] (3) [[ribosome]] (4) [[vesicle (biology)|vesicl...
    49: ...les contained in it. The term ''cytosol'' refers only to the fluid itself.
    51: ...process called ''[[cytoplasmic streaming]]''. The nucleus often flows with the cytoplasm, changing its shap...
  19. Ribosome (4897 bytes)
    19: ...ugh [[endoplasmic reticulum]] (in [[eukaryote]]s only) for the time of synthesis. They insert the fres...
  20. Golgi apparatus (4223 bytes)
    7: ...[endoplasmic reticulum]] and Golgi apparatus: (1) Nucleus, (2) Nuclear pore, (3) Rough endoplasmic reticulu...
  21. Endoplasmic reticulum (5319 bytes)
    6: ...mb|360px|'''Figure 1 :''' Image of [[cell nucleus|nucleus]], endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus.<br/...
    7: (1) Nucleus.
    21: ...cids into proteins based on instructions from the nucleus). Their rough appearance under electron microscop...
    22: Rough and smooth ER differ not only in appearance, but also in function.
    44: Only properly folded proteins are transported from th...
  22. Mitochondrion (10103 bytes)
    1: ... are selectively stained with a fluorescent dye. Nucleus and cell membrane are not visible. ]]
    23: ...ded by [[gene]]s that reside in the host cell's [[nucleus]].
    36: Some mitochondrial functions are performed only in specific types of cells. For example, mitocho...
    53: ...a strong ''diffusion gradient'' is built up. The only exit for these protons is through the ''[[ATP sy...
    60: ...nce]]'' '''304''':981, May 2004, [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed...
  23. Nuclear envelope (959 bytes)
    1: ...iology)|cells]]. It separates the contents of the nucleus ([[DNA]] in particular) from the [[cytosol]]. The...
    3: ...r example, [[protein]]s and [[mRNA]]) between the nucleus and the cytoplasm.
    7: ...le in the disposition of [[chromatin]] inside the nucleus.
  24. Cell nucleus (3211 bytes)
    1: ...ll biology]], the '''nucleus''' (from [[Latin]] ''nucleus'' or ''nuculeus'', kernel) is an [[organelle]], f...
    3: The nucleus, being the largest [[organelle]] (in some cases n...
    4: ... in cytoplasm from reactions happening within the nucleus. The outer membrane is continuous with the [[roug...
    6: [[image:nucleus_ER.png]] <br>
    7: Drawing of nucleus and the [[endoplasmic reticulum]].<br>
  25. Eukaryote (9230 bytes)
    17: ...' or true and ''karyon'' or nut, referring to the nucleus.
    27: The nucleus is surrounded by a double membrane, with pores th...
    33: ...takes place. They contain their own DNA and are only formed by the fission of other mitochondria. Th...
    37: ...symbiotic origins have also been proposed for the nucleus and eukaryotic [[flagellum|flagella]], but this i...
    48: ...ternation between [[haploid]] generations, where only one copy of each chromosome is present, and [[di...
  26. Chloroplast (2430 bytes)
    3: ... to [[mitochondrion|mitochondria]] but are found only in plants. Both organelles are surrounded by a d...
    12: ...ost of their proteins are synthesized by the cell nucleus.
  27. Cloud (9947 bytes)
    5: ...r even black if they are so thick or dense that sunlight cannot pass through.
    20: ...hen water vapor condenses around a ''condensation nucleus'', a tiny particle of smoke, dust, ash, or salt. ...
    93: ...ny particles of water are relatively dense, and sunlight cannot penetrate far into the cloud before it...
    97: ...s. A greenish tinge to a cloud is produced when sunlight is scattered by ice. A cumulonimbus cloud whi...
    101: ...y reflecting the long (and unscattered) rays of sunlight which are predominant at those hours. The eff...
  28. DNA (29095 bytes)
    5: ...ontrast, most of the DNA is located in the [[cell nucleus]]. The [[energy]]-generating [[organelle]]s known...
    8: ...re the electronic properties of DNA? Is junk DNA only molecular garbage?}}
    10: ...arily a very accurate description, and that it's only meant as a generic overview.
    14: ...entific dissection in a field you don't master ''only'' contained scientific data -- that would be fru...
    27: ...rand of double-stranded DNA will "mate" properly only with a "T" on the other, complementary strand;
  29. Pons (1313 bytes)
    14: ...nal nerve]] sensory nucleus, as well as the motor nucleus for the trigeminal nerve, are present in the mid-...
  30. Mesencephalon (2668 bytes)
    17: ...omotor nerve]] (and associated [[Edinger-Westphal nucleus]]), as well as the [[substantia nigra]].
    19: ... level. Also apparent are the [[trochlear nerve]] nucleus, and the decussation of the superior cerebellar p...
  31. Medulla oblongata (2593 bytes)
    5: ...nd the pyramids called the ''olive'' or [[olivary nucleus|olivary nuclei]]. [[Cranial nerve]] XII (the [[hy...
    19: ...act]], [[medial lemniscus]] and the [[hypoglossal nucleus]]. This causes a syndrome called ''[[medial medul...
    23: ...ween the other two main arteries, including the [[nucleus solitarius]] and other sensory nuclei and fibres....
  32. Hypothalamus (1987 bytes)
    16: |[[Medial preoptic nucleus]]<br>
    17: [[Supraoptic nucleus]]<br>
    18: [[Paraventricular nucleus]]<br>
    19: [[Anterior nucleus]]<br>
    20: [[Suprachiasmatic nucleus]]
  33. Amygdala (2653 bytes)
    5: ...orepinephrine]] and [[epinephrine]]. The cortical nucleus is involved in [[olfaction]] and [[pheremone]] pr...
  34. Chicago Cubs (25972 bytes)
    18: ...professional team, led to a minor explosion of openly professional teams in [[1870]], each with the si...
    35: ...th third baseman [[Harry Steinfeldt]], formed the nucleus of one of the most dominant baseball teams of all...
    55: ...drum after their early 1900s Glory Years, broken only by their pennant in the [[World War I|war]]-shor...
    62: ...home ballpark, [[Wrigley Field]], played host to only day games until [[1988]] because the stadium own...
    65: ...a Braves in the [[National League Division Series|NLDS]].
  35. Oakland Athletics (34248 bytes)
    13: ...cs (with the [[St. Louis Cardinals]]) are second only to the [[New York Yankees]] in the number of Wor...
    20: ...hiladelphia Phillies]]. This order, though, was only enforceable in the state of Pennsylvania. Lajoi...
    30: ...Park]], blocking the view from nearby buildings, only served to irritate potential paying fans. The A...
    32: ...by [[Chicago]] insurance executive [[Charles O. Finley]]), the American League owners were determined ...
    34: ...the cap or the uniform. The typical uniform had only a stylized "A" on the left front, and likewise t...
  36. Prokaryote (4630 bytes)
    1: ...ed "procaryotes") are organisms without a [[cell nucleus]] (= karyon), or indeed any other membrane-bound ...
    4: ...ng characteristic is, of course, the absence of a nucleus or [[nuclear envelope]]. Prokaryotes also lack [...
    6: ...led ''nucleoid'', rather than in a membrane-bound nucleus, but may also have various small circular pieces ...
    8: ... of cells called [[colony (biology)|colonies]]. Unlike many eukaryotic multicellular organisms, each ...
    16: ...bundant organism even today. While earth is the only known place where prokaryotes exist, some have s...
  37. Plant cell (2762 bytes)
    11: ... plant cells typically also have a [[Cell nucleus|nucleus]], containing most of the cell's [[DNA]], and [[m...
    23: **[[Collenchyma]] - Unevenly thickened primary walls, grouped together to sup...
  38. Atom (12300 bytes)
    7: ...'''Helium atom model (not to scale)'''<br>Showing nucleus with two protons (red) and<br>two neutrons (green...
    43: ...fferentiable as a certain [[chemical element]]. Only 90 elements (of 112 now known) have been identif...
    58: ...that elements with a large positive charge on the nucleus attract the electrons to the center of the atom m...
    70: ...to screening of the positive charge in the atomic nucleus.
    74: Each shell, numbered from the one closest to the nucleus (lowest in energy), can hold up to a specific num...
  39. Cochlea (4075 bytes)
    6: ...s (OHCs) and one row of inner hair cells (IHCs). Only the IHCs are sensory cells, ie. those which conv...
    11: ...ory nerve]]) transmits sound data to the cochlear nucleus within the [[brainstem]] as [[action potentials]]...
    14: ...in relatively constant across mammalian species. Unlike an eye, making it larger will not increase sen...
  40. Chemical element (8169 bytes)
    1: ..., which consists of [[electron]]s centered on a [[nucleus]] of [[proton]]s and [[neutron]]s.
    3: ...ual to the sum of the protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom of the element. A number of elements a...
    7: There are [[as of 2004]], 116 known elements, only 91 of which occur naturally. The remaining 25 ar...
    17: ...lized, even if it is derived from a proper noun (unless it would be capitalized by some other rule, fo...
  41. Proton (5009 bytes)
    50: ...ong nuclear force]]. The number of protons in the nucleus determines the chemical properties of the atom an...
    59: ...rogen nuclei. He thus suggested that the hydrogen nucleus, which was known to have an atomic number of 1, w...
  42. Atomic mass (3063 bytes)
    3: ...he number of [[neutrons]] in the [[atomic nucleus|nucleus]] of the atom.
  43. Alchemy (42222 bytes)
    33: ...emy developed its own philosophical system, with only superficial connections to the major Western rel...
    54: ... philosophers, which in turn have often survived only in Islamic translations.
    56: ...ca]]'' of Thrice-Greatest Hermes, which is known only through Greek and [[Arabic language|Arabic]] tra...
    58: ...he purpose of hermetical science: "in truth certainly and without doubt, whatever is below is like tha...
    63: ...principle)|natural laws]] that can be determined only through careful, thorough, and exacting philosop...
  44. Stone tool (3233 bytes)
    8: ...is to strike stone [[lithic flake|flake]]s from a nucleus (core) of material using a [[hammerstone]] or sim...
  45. Cell (29541 bytes)
    21: ...nal structures of eukaryotic cells, including the nucleus (''light blue''), the nucleolus (''intermediate b...
    27: ...' cells are structurally simple. They are found only in single-celled and [[Colony (biology)|colonial...
    32: ...rganelle]]s: (1) [[nucleolus]] (2) [[cell nucleus|nucleus]] (3) [[ribosome]] (4) [[vesicle (biology)|vesicl...
    49: ...les contained in it. The term ''cytosol'' refers only to the fluid itself.
    51: ...process called ''[[cytoplasmic streaming]]''. The nucleus often flows with the cytoplasm, changing its shap...
  46. Organelle (935 bytes)
    15: * [[cell nucleus|nucleus]]
  47. Fungus (12992 bytes)
    21: ...o be eaten. ''Wild mushrooms should not be eaten unless identifed by an expert''. However, even very k...
    34: ...ferent mating types meet, they produce two [[cell nucleus|multinucleate]] ball-shaped cells, which form a m...
    38: ... of these. They usually have a stalk, composed mainly of hyphae, and a cap, under which there are shee...
    48: ...[saprophyte]], and that of the [[parasite]]. The only difference between detritivorous and parasitic f...
    106: * [[Psilocybe]]s, commonly known as ''[[Psychedelic mushroom|magic mushroom...
  48. Vestibulocochlear nerve (2871 bytes)
    6: ...ior colliculus synapse on the [[medial geniculate nucleus]] of the [[thalamus]] on the same side and on the...
    10: ...of the vestibular nerve synapse in the vestibular nucleus on the lateral floor and wall of the fourth ventr...
  49. Optic nerve (5326 bytes)
    7: ...optic nerve terminate in the [[lateral geniculate nucleus]] from where information is relayed to the visual...
    18: ...ect vision in the visual field of the same side only.
  50. Dubnium (4200 bytes)
    40: ... that by manipulating the number of neutrons in a nucleus, one can alter the stabilities of such nuclei.
    53: *[http://periodic.lanl.gov/elements/105.html Los Alamos National Laborat...
  51. Helium (36603 bytes)
    104: ... are the lowest among the elements and it exists only as a [[gas]] except in extreme conditions. Extre...
    112: ...aning it heats up when allowed to freely expand. Only below its [[Joule-Thomson inversion temperature]...
    114: ... [[band system]]s, and HgHe, which is apparently only held together by polarization forces <!-- ref: '...
    117: ...T] it is 50 times more compressible than water. Unlike any other element, helium will fail to solidif...
    120: ... the lambda point, when it stops boiling and suddenly expands. The rate of expansion decreases below t...
  52. Hydrogen (20221 bytes)
    113: ...omic gas, H<sub>2</sub>, with a boiling point of only 20.27&nbsp;[[Kelvin|K]] and a melting point of 1...
    120: ... charged [[proton]] which is the [[Atomic nucleus|nucleus]] of the hydrogen atom. The electron is bound to ...
    144: ...[[quantum mechanics]] the electron is allowed to only be at very specific distances from the proton. M...
    160: ...nt]], since the H<sup>+</sup> ion would be a bare nucleus and so has a strong tendency to pull electrons to...
    162: ... air. Deuterium oxide, or D<sub>2</sub>O, is commonly referred to as [[heavy water]]. Hydrogen also fo...
  53. Iron (23778 bytes)
    139: The nucleus of iron has the highest binding energy per nucleo...
    146: ... [[sulfur]], [[silicon]] and [[phosphorus]]. Its only significance is that of an intermediate step on ...
    167: ...tricate shapes, but is too brittle to be worked, unless the product is ''decarburized'' to remove most...
    169: ...elopment lagged in Europe, as the smelters could only achieve temperatures of about 1000 K. Through a ...
    220: ...target proteins. [http://www.plosbiology.org/plosonline/?request=get-document&doi=10.1371%2Fjournal.pb...
  54. Technetium (32113 bytes)
    184: ...elements. On earth, technetium occurs naturally only in uranium ores as a product of spontaneous fiss...
    187: ...ance similar to [[platinum]]. However, it is commonly obtained as a grey powder. Its position in the p...
    189: ...[oxygen|O]]<sub>4</sub><sup>-</sup>.{{inote | ''LANL Periodic Table'', "Technetium" paragraph 3}} Com...
    229: ... Building Blocks'', page 424, paragraph 2 and ''LANL Periodic Table'', "Technetium", paragraph 1}} Uni...
    233: ...made by B.T. Kenna and P.K. Kuroda. {{inote | ''LANL Periodic Table'', "Technetium" paragraph 1}} The...
  55. Caudate nucleus (1179 bytes)
    2: ...us''' is a telencephalic [[nucleus (neuroanatomy)|nucleus]], one of the input nuclei of the [[basal ganglia...
    4: There is a caudate nucleus on each side of the brain, each a C-shaped struct...
    6: ...will also cross the body (or head) of the caudate nucleus.
    8: ...structures. It is separated from the [[lenticular nucleus]] (a structure which includes the [[putamen]]) by...
  56. Globus pallidus (1960 bytes)
    1: ...dus'', whereas the non-primate ''[[entopeduncular nucleus]]'' is often considered the homolog of the ''inte...
    4: ...[[glutamate]]rgic projection from the subthalamic nucleus. It is sometimes used as a target for [[deep brai...
  57. Putamen (921 bytes)
    1: ...ming the [[striatum]] together with the [[caudate nucleus]]. Its abbreviation is "Pu".
    4: [[lenticular nucleus]]. It appears to play a role in [[reinforcement ...
  58. Central nervous system (2227 bytes)
    21: **** [[caudate nucleus]]
  59. Atomic number (2054 bytes)
    1: ... represent the number of [[proton]]s found in the nucleus of an [[atom]]. In an atom of [[neutral|neutral c...
    7: ...ber corresponds to the [[electric charge]] of the nucleus &mdash; in other words the number of protons. It ...
    9: ...number of protons and [[neutron|neutrons]] in the nucleus of an atom. The mass number often comes after the...
  60. Electron (10516 bytes)
    54: ...tom]] the electrons surround the [[atomic nucleus|nucleus]] of [[proton]]s and [[neutron]]s in an electron ...
    66: ...ub> of the mass of the [[proton]]. These are commonly represented as '''e<sup>&minus;</sup>'''. Someti...
    68: ...nd out of existence, at various points around the nucleus (of course, 90% of the time the electron can be f...
    78: ... could infer from its charge if the physics were only described by the [[classical electromagnetism|cl...
  61. Neutron (7687 bytes)
    28: ... [[hydrogen]], which consists of a single proton only) consists of protons and neutrons.
    32: ...y]]) occurs in some nuclei. Particles inside the nucleus are typically resonances between neutrons and pro...
    36: ...til it makes a "head-on" collision with an atomic nucleus. Since nuclei have a very small [[cross section]]...
    38: ...n the elastic collision of billiard balls. If the nucleus that is struck is heavy, it acquires relatively l...
    40: ...disintegrations; there is no natural supply. The only means we have of controlling free neutrons is to...
  62. Chemical bond (3955 bytes)
    1: ...ar orbital]] (MO). These elecron-[[Atomic nucleus|nucleus]] interactions are caused by the [[fundamental in...
    17: In the case of ionic bonding, electrons are mainly localized on the individual atoms, and electrons...
    19: ...es based on the AOs of the atoms they came from. Unlike pure ionic bonds, covalent bonds may have dire...
  63. Mitosis (8111 bytes)
    3: ...] cells. This process assures that each daughter nucleus receives a complete copy of the organism's genome...
    8: ...ed; G2, the second growth phase; and M, where the nucleus divides through mitosis. Mitosis is divided into...
    10: ...ng the changes which occur in the centrosomes and nucleus of a cell in the process of mitotic division. (Sc...
    11: ...riations. As [[prokaryote]]s lack a nucleus and only have a single chromosome with no centromere, the...
    17: ...at one copy of each sister chromatid &mdash; and only one copy &mdash; goes to each daughter cell afte...
  64. Amoeba (1502 bytes)
    10: ...e much smaller. Each has a single [[cell nucleus|nucleus]], and a simple contractile [[vacuole]] which mai...
  65. Testosterone (11221 bytes)
    57: ...ructural change that allows it to move into the [[nucleus]] and bind directly to specific [[nucleotide]] se...
    70: ...rethra]], scrotal thinning and rugation, phallic enlargement)
    83: ...ales these are normal late pubertal effects, and only occur in women after prolonged periods of excess...
    84: *Phallic enlargement (including [[clitoromegaly]])
    107: ...r erectile dysfunction, [[osteoporosis]], penile enlargement, height growth, [[bone marrow]] stimulati...
  66. Elamite Empire (23098 bytes)
    19: ...of Kish]], dating to ca. [[2650 BC]]. But we can only really trace Elamite history from records dating...
    32: Marlik Region, Tappe Hasanlu, Iran 14th-13th centuries BCE. Excavated by The ...
    72: ...Anshan]] in the mid [[7th century BC]], forming a nucleus that would expand into the [[Persian Empire]].
    84: Thus, not only was "Elam absorbed into the new empire" (Encyclo...
    186: ...sed to the typical view that Elam is of interest only for its contributions to Iranian or Assyrian cul...
  67. Chemical (855 bytes)
    5: ...ich consists of [[electron]]s centered around a [[nucleus]] of [[proton]]s and [[neutron]]s.
  68. Physics (25628 bytes)
    118: ...g experiments]] the existence of a compact atomic nucleus, with positively charged constituents dubbed [[pr...
    149: ...heaven there are two matters on which I hope for enlightenment. One is quantum electrodynamics, and th...
  69. Matter (1902 bytes)
    1: ...hus not considered matter, even though they certainly have [[energy]] and some also [[mass]].
    3: ...lei are surrounded by a cloud of [[electron]]s. A nucleus with as many electrons as protons, which is thus ...
  70. Ion (2800 bytes)
    4: ...ual number of [[proton]]s in the [[atomic nucleus|nucleus]] and [[electron]]s in the [[electron shell]]. A ...
  71. Blood (11213 bytes)
    20: ...n mammals, these corpuscles lack a [[Cell nucleus|nucleus]] and [[organelle]]s, so are not [[cell (biology)...
    30: * various [[electrolyte]]s (mainly [[sodium]])
    43: ...e oxygen is chemically combined with the [[Hb]]. Only 1.5% is physically dissolved.
    58: ...e]] and [[blood test]]s are amongst the most commonly performed diagnostic investigations that directl...
    66: ...tial wounds to be life-threatening, but more commonly results in [[hemarthrosis]], or bleeding into jo...
  72. Muscle (12774 bytes)
    46: ...ned from proprioception. The [[cerebellum]] and [[nucleus ruber]] in particular continuously sample positio...
    64: ...rheumatism") is an inflammatory condition that mainly occurs in the elderly; it is associated with [[g...
    83: Again taking strength to mean only "force" (in the physicist's sense, and as contra...
    89: ..., the quadriceps can produce over 100 watts, but only for a few minutes. The heart does its work conti...
    113: [[nl:Spier]]
  73. Green alga (4059 bytes)
    15: ...n algae, in the latter case retaining a vestigial nucleus (nucleomorph).

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